Department of Commerce and Labor
DESCRIPTION OF LIGHT-HOUSE TOWER
BUILDINGS, AND PREMISES
[Handwritten note – "Name Changed to East Point"
Maurice River Light Station.
February 24, 1908
This form is designed mainly to guide in preparing accurate descriptions of new light-stations, but will also be used describing those that have been long established, when required. Screw-pile structures and lights on keeper’s dwellings should be fully described without references to this Form.
Department of Commerce and Labor
Light-House Board, February, 1906
NAME AND POST, Maurice River Light Station , NJ On East Point, NJ easterly side of Maurice River off the mouth of Maurice River and on the northerly shore of the easterly part of Delaware.
1. By whom described, xxxxxxxxxx, Draftsman
2. Date of description, February 24, 1908
3. Distinguishing character of light or lights, Fixed red with a fixed white sector between NE 7/8 W and NE ¾ E
4. Latitude of tower, 39° 11’45" Authority, List of Lights
5. Longitude of tower, 75° 01’40"
PREMISES–A DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF, EMBRACING–
6. Site of station–Public land, purchase, Military or Naval Reservation, lease: Purchase
7. Date of reservation, [
8. Date of deed, April 11, 1849
9. Date of permission to occupy, [
10. Date of lease, [
11. Area of the entire site, Present area about 5 9/10 acres
12. Area inclosed, none
13. Character of surface soil, Marsh mud
14. Distance of tower from nearest high-water mark, The light house is about 460’ to high water in Maurice Cove and about 119’ to highwater in a ditch
15. Inclosures to premises, None
16. Wharf or landing on premises, No Government wharf or landing, but there is a private boat house on the reservation
17. Road to landing or wharf, character of, and distance from tower, This private boat house is about 110’ north west of the light-house and connected thereto by brick and wooden walks.
18. Means by which the light-station may be reached, By railroad to Bivalve, Maurice River or Heislerville, N.J. By private boat from Bivalve or Maurice River, or by private conveyance from Heislerville to station.
PREMISES XXXXXX DETAILED DESCRIPTION
19.Distance to the nearest public road, railroad station or steamboat landing and to which: About 1/8 mile public road. About 3 ¾ miles to railroad station at Heislerville by road.
20. Distance to the nearest post office, About 3 miles by road, to Heislerville
21. Distance to nearest village or town, About 3 miles by road, to Heislerville
22. Facilities for reaching the light-station by public conveyance, None
23. Facilities for reaching the light-station by private conveyance from the nearest village, town, railroad station, or steamboat landing, and the distance, Teams can be hired in Heislerville. Boats can usually by hired at Bivalve or Maurice River. Distance about 3 miles.
24. Tower or other means sued to supporting the lantern and apparatus, Lantern tower on Brick Dwelling, form.
25. Number of separate lights, One
26. When first built or established, 1850
27. when last thoroughly rebuilt, repaired or renovated, [
28. Condition at this date, Fair
29. Shape of tower in plan, Lantern room is octagonal
30. Form of tower–Cylindrical, conical or pyramidal, Lantern tower is prismatic
31. Height of tower from base to ventilator ball of lantern, No Detached tower, This distance on the house is XXXX
32. Height of focal plane of lantern above mean high water (on sea and gulf coasts) or mean lake level on northern lakes and rivers: 43’0"
33. Background of the light-house, upon which it is projected, as seen from the sea or lake: Trees and sky
34. Color of tower, Light-house is white with lead colored trimmings, green shutters and black XXXX
35. Color of tower, how produced, Woodwork painted, brickwork whitewashed
36. Tower–Connected with keeper’s dwelling, and how, or detached, Lantern tower is on dwelling
37. Object–Seacoast, lake coast, bay, harbor, channel, or range; for general or local navigating purposes: By harbor, for local navigating purposes
38. Materials of which the tower is built: Main building of the light-house is brick, xxxx addition and lantern tower, frame
39. General description, embracing–
40. Thickness of walls at base. Of light-house 13"
41. Thickness of walls at parapet, Of light-house 13"
42. Diameter of tower (inscribed, if polygonal) at base, About 7’ 1 ½"
General Description, embracing–Continued,
43. Diameter of tower (inscribed, if polygonal) at parapet, About 7’ 1 ½"; inside, 6’ 1 ½"
44. Kind of stairway and steps, in the light-house, wood
45. Number of landings of stairway, None, but second floor
46. Size of glass for glazing tower windows, 6 5/8"x10 ½" (9 panes)
47. Number of windows in tower, and size of sash, one 2.5"x36 ½" (Window in watchtower)
48. Number of doors, in light-house, 16
49. Kind of foundation and depth below the surface, Lighthouse foundation is stone, depth not known
50. Character of soil at and surrounding the light-house, Loam, inside of bank; marsh mud outside.
51. Soil susceptible of being protected by grass, shrubbery, or trees: Not susceptible.
52. Miscellaneous remarks upon tower and site: The inside of the tower well painted. In a ______ storm the lantern leaks and should be repaired. If the site was filled in it would be a great improvement.
LANTERN AND LANTERN FIXTURES.
53. Order or class of lantern, Fourth Order.
54. Polygonal or cylindrical, From floor to glass cylindrical; above this polygonal (10 sides).
55. Diameter, inscribed, to glass, about 7’0 5/8" (Red glass 6’ 7 5/8")
56. Number of sides in plan, Circular.
57. Number of helical bars, Vertical.
58. Height glazed. 3’0"
59. Number of plates in height. One.
60. Number of plates in each side. One
61. Thickness of plates, ¼"
62. Size of different plates, Eight 27 ½"c 36 ½", Ruby glass 1 pane 24 ½" x 32", Ruby glass 1 pane 22 7/8"x 32", Ruby glass 1 pane 15" x 32"
63. Number of storm panes of glass, None (3 panes of ruby glass, one of each size, on hand)
64. Unglazed side of lantern in plates and degrees of arc, 2 sides, 72° ; between what bearings (magnetic and from seaward), SW 3/8 W and NW by W 3/16 W. The dark sector covers this.
65.Materials of which the lantern is constructed. Below the glass sills Lantern is wood, above cast iron.
66. Roof, Cast iron
67. Ventilator ball, Cast iron
68. Lightning-conductor spindle, Cast iron, round.
69. Lightning conductor, of what material: how attached to spindle: how led, and how far below the surface of dry earth, or otherwise, as the case may be: A platinum point is slipped on spindle of lantern. A solid copper rod 5/8" diameter, runs from the iron sill of the lantern down north side of lantern and light-house to a standard ground connection.
70. Balustrade and outside gallery. Deck of wood, covered with tin, no grillage (Balustrade of wood.
71. Lantern doors, and how fitted: A wooden door 20"x26 ½" hung on hinges and provided with a XXX and a hook and eye is placed on the lower wall of the lantern.
72. Floor of lantern¾ Of what materials: Wood.
73. Watchroom door leading into the lantern and how fitted: There is wooden trap door in the lantern floor, hung on Tee hinges and provided with a lifting ring.
74. Parapet, inside diameter described, if polygonal. 6"8 ½"
75. In parapet, wall of lower part of lantern: Four ventilators in the lower walls of lantern each having brass disc covers.
76. Lantern ladders for cleaning plate glass, outside: None
77. Curtain hooks inside of lantern¾ How fitted: Ten metal hooks are tapped into the lantern posts.
78. How fitted: It has no closets, but a wooden shelf on one side, a wooden stairs leading up to the lantern, one window, one door leading down stairs and the doors leading up to the attic.
79. Bell wires, or speaking tubes or telephones for calling relief keepers¾Kind: None.
80. Where led: ü
ILLUMINATING APPARATUS, ETC.
81. Name of maker, Henry Lepaute, Paris Year Made, Not known.
82. Marks and number on apparatus, None, except name of maker.
83. Order of apparatus. 6 Inside diameter (inscribed circle) of central drum. 11 ¾"
84. Characteristic of light shown by apparatus, Fixed red, with a fixed white sector
85. If movable; time of revolution, Not movable
86. Intervals between flashes, ü
87. Duration of flash,ü
88. If fixed, or fixed varied by flashes; state arc of each fixed part in degrees: 270°
89. Number of panels in lens apparatus, 3
90. Number of flash panels, None: arc of each, in degrees:
91. Number of elements in each panel of central drum of the lens, 5
92. Number of prisms in each panel above the central drum of the lens, 5
93. Number of prisms in each panel below the central drum of the lens, 3
94. How are the flashes produced¾ By the whole apparatus revolving:üby revolving belt onlyü if by panels of vertical elements revolving outside of fixed lens, state the number of such panels:
Describer how: No flashes
95. If by vertical elements, (a) state the number in each panel, ; (b) and the number of elements of fixed lens covered by the panel:
ILLUMINATING APPARATUS, ETC.
96. Pedestal, Cast iron, 46" high
97. Service table, Cast iron, fan shaped, 39 ½" above the floor attached to pedestal.
98. Tube leading through the center of the upper metal ring of the lens into the ventilator ball, to carry off the gases of combustion and to assist in producing a proper draft in the lantern¾ Of what material, diameter, and how fitted and connected with damper tube when in place: No tube. Directly over the lens is a 3" iron pipe which leads up to the ventilator ball.
99. If revolving, revolving machinery: Not revolving
100. Revolving on chariot, mercury float, or balls: ü
101. If a chariot, describe it and state the number and size of each pattern of wheels in it: ü
102. Of on balls, describe the construction of the ball-raceways, whether flat surface, or semi-circular or V grooves: ü
103. State numbers of balls: ü
104. Revolving cord or chain¾ How led: None
105. Length of drop tube, None
106. Length of time revolving machinery will run after one winding: No machinery
107. How is the machinery protected: ü
ILLUMINATING APPARATUS, ETC.
108. How regulated? Describe: ü
IF COLORED LIGHT¾
109. How is the color produced? Describe: Ruby glass is placed against the inside of lamp posts and held in place by means of wooden frames
110. Red sectors¾ Between what bearings (from seaward); magnetic, if on sea or gulf coasts: true on northern lakes and rivers: The light shows fixed red with a fixed white sector between N .E. 7/8 N. and N.E. ¾ E.
111. State where colored glass is attached, if to illuminating apparatus or to the lantern: To lantern
112. If colored glass is inside of illuminating apparatus describe its form: ü
LAMPS AND BURNERS
113. Description of lamp in use and number of wicks to burner: 5th order Funk tubular, one wick
114. Number of spare lamps at the station, One burner
115. Number of spare lamp burners at the station, None except for one xxxxxxx
CLOSETS IN TOWER.
116. How fitted and used: None, but 2 small doors open into the attic which can be used for storage purposes.
OIL HOUSE OR ROOM.
117. Describe where placed and how fitted: A Brick oil house, 8’x12’ in plan, is located a bout 17’ northwest of light-house. It has a concrete floor, hinged door and a set of paint shelves on left side.
118. Where placed, how fitted and used: Lighthouse has a storeroom on the first floor. It has xx shed window and is used for storage of food. There are 6 closets on the first floor fitted with shelves and used for storage of books, preserves, etc., There are closets on the second floor fitted with shelves and used for storage of clothes. There is a store house 9’6"x13’6" in plan, located about 14 ½’ east of the light-house. It has a hinged door and is used for storage of wash tubs etc.
119. Damp or dry, suited or unsuited to the purposes for which they were designed: All of the closets are damp and unsuitable due to the fact that the plaster is put directly onto the brick walls with no feuring.
120. Kind and character of apparatus: No fog signal.
121. How mcuh time is required to start the signal?
122. Where, or by whom, made:
123. Characteristic distinction of:
124. What parts of the fog-signal machinery are in duplicate?
125. If a bell, state (a) weight) _____________ lbs.: (b) metal, ______________ (c) diameter, ______________: (d) height, __________________:(e)if struck by clockwork, state time it will run with one winding:
126. If a steam signal, (a) describe boiler:
(c) Flue-tube or water tube,
(d) dimensions:__________________________length ____________________diameter ____________________-
(e) Number and length of tubes,
(f) Diameter of tubes,
(g) Furnance: Kind _______________;length, ______________ :width, _____________
(h) Total heating surface in square feet,
(I) Grate surface in square feet,
(j) Number of grate bars,
(k) Kind of grate bars,
(l) Kind of coal or other fuel generally used,
(m) Kind of safety valve,
(n) Maximum pressure the boiler is capable of,
(o) Usual working pressure,
(p) Diameter of smokestack,
(q) Height of smokestack from grate,
(r) Height or length of steam drum, ;diameter
(s) Kind of covering or jacket,
(t) Present condition of boiler,
(u) When built,)
(v) Where built,
(w) By whom built,
(x) Is there a heater? ;what kind? ;what size? How much does its use reduce the time of starting the fog-signal?
127. If a steam engine is used, kind: Number of revolutions per minute,
128. Whistle, trumpet or siren, pressure at which blown,
129. Diameter of whistle, ; height, ;distance between orifice and edge of whistle, single tone, ; chime,
130. Disk or cylindrical siren, ; diameter of revolving part, ;when made, ; by whom made, ;number, width, and length of ports, ;revolutions per minute, type of governor, ; condition of revolving part,
131. Daboll trumpet, Reed, ; length, ;breadth, ;thickness at base, ;thickness at tip,
132. Trumpet: length, ; diameters, ;material,
133. Timing device:
134. Height of whistle or trumpet above mean high water,
135. Direction, by compass, in which the trumpet points,
136. If signal is blown by compressed air, describe compressing machinery: Kind of engine, :by whom made, :when made, : nominal size, : horsepower, : kind of compressor, : name of maker, : State if compressor is on same bed and geared with engine, or separate and belt-driven:
137. Location, with reference to the light-house, to a particular danger or channel, or tothe special object for establishing it:
138. Distance and direction from the light-house.
139. Water supply for it,
140. How is reached from the light-house,
141. Description of fog-signal building or buildings,
DWELLINGS FOR KEEPERS.
142. Location, with references to the light-house tower: Lantern is on dwelling, forming a lighthouse.
143. Coloring: Lighthouse is white with black lantern, green blinds and lead colored trimmings.
144. Materials of which built, Main building is of brick, addition is of wood.
145. Number of rooms in each dwelling, Light house has 7 rooms.
146. Number of keepers and assistants to each dwelling, Light-house has one keeper
147. Outhouses, Frame barn frame storehouses, brick oil house
148. Coloring, Oil house is unpainted, other buildings are white with lead colored trimmings
149. Paths or walks on the premises, Brick and wooden walks
150. Area of premises inclosed, and how, None
151. Area of garden, None
152. Area in timber or shrubbery, Nome
153. Area susceptible of profitable cultivation, None
154. Area cultivated or prepared for cultivation, None
155. Character of adjacent surrounding country–Soil, sandy, clay, marsh, swamp, wood, fast ground, or shifting sands, Salt marsh
WATER FOR FOG SIGNAL, DRINKING, AND DOMESTIC USES GENERALLY.
156. How procured, From roof of light-house and barn by downspouts to tanks
157. Quality, Not very good
158. Quantity ample or not for the station at all seasons of the year, Not ample in a dry season
159. Liable or not to be injured by the inroads of storm tides and seas, No.
160. If rain water in tanks or cisterns, what precautions have been taken to insure its purity? Downspouts are provided with cutoffs.
161. Capacity of tanks or cisterns, and where placed One tank in cellar of light-house, capacity about 1000 gallons, one tank in tank house near barn capacity about 1200.
162. Tanks or cisterns–Of what material made: Tanks are of wood, no cistern.
163. Is there a distilling apparatus at the station? No.Name of maker: Capacity, ü :when installed, ü : condition, ü : efficiency, ü
164. If from a well, describe and give depth, No well.
165. Diameter, ü
166. Lined or not, ü
167. Water obtained by pump or bucket, ü
168. Distance from keeper’s dwelling, ü
HEALTHFULNESS OF THE LIGHT-STATION AND VICINITY.
169. General opinion in regard to the healthfulness or unhealthfulness of the light-station and vicinity: Healthy
170. Diseases–What are most prevalent at the station and in the vicinity? None
171. Do they prevail at particular seasons of the year, or not? ü
172. Are there any local causes, such as swamps, marshes, etc., in the immediate vicinity of the light-house which are likely to be the cause of these diseases? ü
173. Would draining or other artificial means employed on the light-house premises be likely to improve the sanitary condition of the light-station? No
LANDING, WHARF, BOATHOUSE, AND ROAD TO THE LIGHT-HOUSE.
174. Describe: there is a private boat house about 8’ x 20 ½’ in plan. It has 2 windows, a tin roof and an incline leading down tot he water. The keeper has his gasoline launches in it.
175. Distance and direction from light-house: It is about 110’ north of the light-house.
176. Hoisting engine, what kind? None Number of revolutions per minute, ü :diameter of cylinder, ü : stroke, ü :Kind of boiler: ü
177. MISCELLANEOUS REMARKS UPON THE GENERAL CHARACTER AND CONDITION OF THE PREMISES, TOWERS, BUILDINGS, AND ILLUMINATING APPARATUS AT THIS DATE.
The illuminating apparatus is in excellent condition. The buildings and grounds are in good condition generally. Some minor repairs are required.
Major, Corps of Engineers, U.S.A.
Engineers, 9th Light-house District