Excerpts from the Annual Report of the Lighthouse Board for 1883


1883

Third District.

LIGHTSHIPS

196. Highlands of Navesink, on the Highlands of Navesink, New Jersey.--After successfully experimenting here several weeks, a mineral-oil lamp was placed in the north tower, in place of the lard-oil lamp previously used. This is the first instance in which mineral oil has bee used in a first-order lamp in this country.

198. Sandy Hook, (main light,) southwest side of entrance to New York Bay, New Jersey.--The old and dilapidated stone dwelling was replaced by a substantial double frame-house, containing ample accomodations for the light-keepers.

199. East Beacon, Sandy Hook, on north point of Sandy Hook, New Jersey.--The fog-signals were repaired. A new siren was purchased, and will soon be erected in place of one nearly worn-out.

214. Corner Stake, opposite Eliabethport, New Jersey.--This station, which was frequently injured by steamers which ran against it, was as frequently repaired.

Repairs.

At the following named stations repairs, more or less extensive, have been made during the year:
197. Highlands of Navesink, New Jersey.
202. Chapel Hill Beacon, New Jersey.
203. Point Comfort Beacon, New Jersey.
207. Great Beds, New Jersey.
213. Bergen Point, New Jersey.
215 Passaic Light, New Jersey.

LIGHT-SHIPS.

194. Sandy Hook Light-Ship, No. 16, entrance to New York, Bay, New York.--This vessel was thoroughly overhauled in 1871. She is now in a decayed and unserviceable condition, and should be repaired from her bottom up. It is estimated that it will cost $20,000 to put her in good repair.

195. Wreck of the Scotland Light-Ship, No.7, off Sandy Hook, entrance to New York Bay, New York.--This vessel only needs to have her spar deck calked. She is otherwise in excellent condition, both as to repair and keeping.


FOG-SIGNALS OPERATED BY STEAM OR HOT-AIR ENGINES.
199.East Beason, Sandy Hook, on north point of Sandy Hook, New Jersey.--First-Class steam-siren, in duplicate, with duplicate engines and boilers. The house over the boilers and one of the sirens will require renovation next year.

DEPOTS

The experiment of making mineral-oil lamps for lighthouses of the first order proved to be successful, and a set of first-order lamps is now in actual use in the north tower of the light-station at the Highlands of Navesink.

FOURTH DISTRICT.

The fourth district extends from Squan Inlet, New Jersey, to and including Metomkin Inlet, Virginia. It includes the sea-coassts of New Jersey below the Highlands of Navesink, the bay coasts of New Jersey and Delaware, sea-coasts of Delaware and Maryland, and part of the sea-coast of Virginia.

Inspector--Commander Frederick Rodgers, United States Navy.
Engineer--Colonel William F. Raynolds, Corps of Engineers, United States Army.

LIGHT-HOUSES

242. Barnegat, south side of Barnegat Inlet, end of Long Beach, New Jersey.--A new plank walk was laid from the dwelling to the landing. New iron water-conductors were placed where necessary. Procelain-lined cucumber pumps were put in the cisterns, a drive-well with an iron pump was set up in the kitchen-shed, the boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments and various minor repairs were made. Arrangements were made for substituting a mineral-oil lamp for the lard-oil lamp now in use.

243.Tucker's Beach, near entrance to Little Egg Harbor, New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments, the buildings painted inside and out, a picket-fence was put around the garden, the grounds were filled in and graded, and various minor repairs were made.

245. Hereford Inlet, on the north end of Five-mile Beach, sea-coast of New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked by stone monuments and various minor repairs were made.

254.Brandywine, on Brandywine Shoal, east side of channel, Delaware.--An oil-house for the storage of mineral oil was built on the platform, detached from the light-house structure.

257. Egg Island, on Egg Island, New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments, and various minor repairs were made.

261. Cohansey, New Jersey.--An appropriations of $1,000 to purchase additional land for the site at this station was made by the act approved August 7, 1882. The ten acres selected were purchased and the title-papers were approved January 24, 1883. Plans for the new structure were made, and the building is now under contract.

267. Finn's Point Range-Beacon, (rear,) Delaware River, New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments, a brick chimney was built to the shed-kitchen, and various minor repairs were made.

270. Deep-Water Point Range-Beacon, (front,)Delaware River, New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments; the outside of the lantern was painted red, to make the structure more conspicuous as a day-mark; some 275 cubic yards of banking-stone were placed for the protection of the site; a railway for hauling the sail-boat into the boat-house was built, and various minor repairs were made.

271 Deep-Water Point Range-Beacon,(rear,) Delaware River, New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments. The iron tower was painted with coal-tar outside, and various minor repairs were made.

277. Tinicum Island and Fort Mifflin Bar Cut Range-Beacon, (front for both,)Delaware River, New Jersey.--The color of the dwelling was changed from drab to white, to make it more conspicuous as a day-mark, and an open lattice-work painted white, with conical shaped summit, formed by a stanchion on each side of the lantern, 15 feet above it, (extreme height, 20 feet,) was placed over the top of the lantern as an additional day-mark. A board fence was built along the road,a wire fence was built on each side of the graded hill in front of the station, a shed was erected over the well and pump, and a concrete floor was laid in the cellar. Griddle was sown on the graded hill in front of the station, but, as the seed takes root but lightly, a portion was sodded, and the grad of the sods has grown so well as to prevent washing. Various minor repairs were made.

278.Tinicum Island Range-Beacon, (rear,) of Delaware River, New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments, a closet for the storage of supplies was built in the vestibule of the station,a lamp-stand was fitted up in the watch-room, and various minor repairs were made.

279. Fort Mifflin Bar Cut Range-Beacon, (rear,) Delaware River, New Jersey.--The old tin roof of the lantern was replaced with a galvanized-iron roof and cowl, a concrete floor was laid in the cellar, and shed kitchen was attached to the rear of the dwelling; the boundaries of the station were marked with stone monuments, and certain minor repairs were made.

284, 285, 286. Horseshoe Range, (east group,) in Howell's Cove, below Gloucester, New Jersey.--The boundaries of the site were marked with stone monuments, and various minor repairs were made.

--. Fourteen-foot Bank, Delaware Bay, Delaware.--A plan for the lighthouse which is to take the place of the light-ship on Fourteen-foot Bank was made. The structure will stand in from 20 to 22 feet of water at low tide, on a cast-iron cyclinder 35 feet in diameter, sunk about 23 feet in the sand, and rising about 30 feet above low water. It is to be surmounted by an iron structure, giving room for the keeper's dwelling and steam fog-signal. It is proposed to advertise for proposals for the erection of the structure complete this fall, so as to have the shop-work done during the winter months, and to have its erection commenced as early in the spring as practicable, giving time for the completion of the work during the coming season.

REPAIRS

At each of the fololowing-named light-stations repairs, more or less extensive, were made since the last annual report:

244. Absecon, New Jersey.
256. Maurice River, New Jersey.
260. Ship John Shoal, New Jersey.
266. Finn's Point Range, (front,) New Jersey.
248. Cape May, New Jersey.
LIGHT-SHIPS

246.Five-Fathom Bank Light-Ship, northeast end, No. 44, off the entrance to Delaware Bay, New Jersey.--On June 14, a 5,820-pound anchor, with about 5 fathoms of 1 7/8 inch stud-chain was lost. The cable parted while sighting the anchor and overhauling the moorings, by the failure of a defective link. The cable had been, however, subjected to the standard test. The spare anchor was let go in time to prevent a material change in the position of the ship. Another anchor was supplied. The vessel is in good order.

247. Five-Fathom Bank Light-ship, No. 40, off the entrance to Delaware Bay, New Jersey.--New fog-signal boilers were put in, and the ship has received new try-sail masts. Her launch was repaired, a new hawser was furnished, and certain minor repairs were made. She is now in good order.

255.Fourteen-foot Bank Light-Ship, No. 19, east of Shoal called Fourteen-foot Bank, NewJersey.--This vessel was withdrawn from her station on January 12, in anticipation of the running of heavy ice, which would have carried her adrift. She was towed to the Delaware breakwater and remained there until February 20, when the tender Geranium replaced her on her station. She has received certain minor repairs and is now in good condition.

--.Relief Light-Ship, No. 24.--This vessel relieved Light-ship No. 37 on Winter-Quarter Shoal, that she might be repaired, and afterwards she took the place of Light-Ship No. 40, on Five-fathom Bank, for the same purpose. During the rest of the year she was kept at the Edgemoor supply-depot, ready outfitted for duty. She had received certain minor repairs, and is in good condition and ready for imediate service.

FOG-SIGNALS OPERATED BY STEAM OR HOT-AIR ENGINES

246. Five-fathom Bank Light-Ship, northeast end, No. 44, off the entrance of Delaware Bay, New Jersey.--Twelve-inch steam fog-whistle.

247. Five-fathom Bank Lights-Ship, No. 40,, off the entrance to Delaware Bay, New Jersey.--Twelve-inch fog-signal. New boilers were put in.

DEPOTS
Barnegat, New Jersey.--The buoy-shed and boat-house is on private property, about half a mile from the light-house, as there is no suitable place for it on the light-house site. The shed is in fair condition, and, with its contents, is in charge of the contractor who attends to the buoyage of Barnegat Inlet.

Tucker's Beach, New Jersey.--The buoy-shed and boat-house are in one building, which is located on the light-house site, at the end of the road leading to Little Egg Harbor Beach. The shed and its contents are in good condition.

Absecon, New Jersey.--This shed is on the rear of the light-house site, and is too small for the uses required of it, besides being practically inaccessible. The building, such as it is, is in good condition. It is recommended that proper steps be taken for procuring a site for a buoy shed farther up in the harbor, where it can be approached by the tender. In that case,a new buoy-shed will be required.

Great Egg Harbor Inlet, New Jersey.--The shed used for storing the buoys here is a rented building. It is well located and well suited for the purpose, and is in charge of the contractor for keeping the buoys in this inlet.

Cohansey Creek New Jersey.--In the work of changing buoys in the Delaware Bay and River twice a year, much time and fuel would be saved to the tender by having a central depot for buoys, thus avoiding the need of returning over the long distance from the main depot to the points where the buoys are required. The best place to locate a depot is in Cohansey Creek, New Jersey, on the light-house site, which fronts on the creek. The harbor is good and accessible, and the light-house keeper would be the custodian of the property landed there. A wharf on piling, of 60 feet front by 30 feet deep, with a store-house 10 by 20 feet, at an estimated costs of $1,500 is recommended.


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